Bursaries for student nurses will be restored after they were scrapped as part of the Conservatives austerity measures.
The return of the payments of up to £8,000-a-year was one of the central measures of the Tory general election manifesto unveiled last month.
It formed part of a plan for 50,000 additional nurses for England intended to underline the party's commitment to the NHS.
However, critics pointed out that about 19,000 would come through the retention of existing staff rather than new recruits.
Downing Street confirmed on Monday night that annual payments of £5,000 would be available to all student nurses – as well as some allied health professionals – from September next year.
It added a further £3,000 will be available for specialist disciplines, such as mental health, which are hard to recruit for.
At the same time, the government announced it was pressing on with a review of the NHS pensions issue which led some senior doctors to turn down extra shifts because they were being hit by hefty tax bills.
More from Nhs
NHS England has previously announced special arrangements for 2019/20, meaning no doctor in England will be worse off as a result of taking on extra shifts this winter.
Prime Minister Boris Johnson Johnson said: "I have heard loud and clear that the priority of the British people is to focus on the NHS – and to make sure this treasured institution has everything it needs to deliver world-class care.
"There can be no doubting our commitment to the NHS and over the coming months we will bring forward further proposals to transform this great country."