America

Hurricane Statistics Fast Facts

Notable Hurricanes in Recent US History:
October 7-11, 2018 – Hurricane MichaelCategory 5 storm. Made landfall in Florida near Mexico Beach and the Tyndall Air Force Base. The hurricane was designated as a Category 4 storm when it made landfall in Florida but a post storm analysis revealed that winds reached 160 mph, prompting the upgrade by the National Hurricane Center. It is rare for category 5 storms to directly hit the mainland United States. Between 1851 and 2017, just three Category 5 hurricanes directly hit the United States coastline. The storm's atmospheric pressure was 919 millibars at landfall, the third lowest pressure on record for a hurricane hitting the United States in modern times. Michael caused about $25 billion in damage.The town of Mexico Beach was devastated by the storm. Out of 1,692 buildings in town, 1,584 buildings were reported damaged, with 809 of those reported destroyed. At the Tyndall Air Force Base, all buildings in the complex were reported damaged. The storm directly caused at least 16 deaths in Florida, Virginia, North Carolina and Georgia.

September 16-30, 2017 – Hurricane Maria

Category 5 storm. Made landfall on the island of Dominica as a Category 5 hurricane and hit Puerto Rico as a Category 4 hurricane.$90 billion in damage. The official death toll after the storm was 64 in Puerto Rico but investigations by CNN and other news organizations indicated there may have been more than 1,000 storm-related fatalities on the island. The Puerto Rican government raised Maria's death toll from 64 to 2,975 after a report on storm fatalities was published in August 2018 by researchers at George Washington University. Earlier, an academic report published in the New England Journal of Medicine estimated 4,645 people died during the storm and its aftermath. The article's authors called Puerto Rico's official death toll of 64 a "substantial underestimate." However, the death toll cited in the article was a midpoint estimate based on a limited survey of 3,299 households. The survey indicated that the number of people who died in the storm's wake could range from 793 to 8,498. Additionally, 31 people were killed in Dominica as a direct result of the storm. Deaths were also reported in St. Thomas, the Dominican Republic and Haiti. Three people drowned due to rip currents off the coast of New Jersey and a fourth drowning death was reported in Florida. Massive damage to the aging electrical grid led to widespread outages that stretched on for months. August 30-September 12, 2017Hurricane IrmaCategory 5 storm. Made seven landfalls, including four as a Category 5 hurricane across islands in the northern Caribbean. Hit the Florida Keys as a Category 4 storm and made landfall in southwestern Florida as a Category 3 storm. $50 billion in damage.More than six million Florida residents were ordered to evacuate ahead of the storm. Irma directly caused at least 47 deaths in the Caribbean Islands and the southeastern United States.August 17-September 1, 2017Hurricane HarveyCategory 4 storm. Made first landfall near Rockport, Texas as a Category 4 hurricane and churned along the Texas coast for four days, causing devastating flooding. Its remnants later made another landfall in southwestern Louisiana. It set a record for the most rainfall from a tropical cyclone in the continental United States, with 51 inches of rain recorded in areas of Texas. An estimated 27 trillion gallons of water fell over Texas and Louisiana during a six-day period. $125 billion in damage. At least 68 direct storm-related fatalities were reported in Texas, the highest hurricane death toll in the state since 1919. October 22-29, 2012 – Hurricane SandyCategory 3 storm. Made landfall in Cuba as a Category 2. Hit New Jersey as a post-tropical cyclone.Path included Haiti, Jamaica, Cuba and the coastlines of New Jersey and New York.$65 billion in damage.An extraordinarily large storm, with tropical storm-force winds extending 870 nautical miles in diameter.At least 147 directdeaths, including 72 in the United States, 54 in Haiti, 11 in Cuba, three in the Dominican Republic, two in the Bahamas, one in Canada, one in Jamaica, one in Puerto Rico and two maritime deaths.August 21-September 1, 2012 – Hurricane IsaacCategory 1 stormPath included Haiti, Cuba, southern Mississippi and southeastern Louisiana. $2.35 billion in estimated damage.The direct death toll from Isaac was estimated to be 34 fatalities in the United States, Haiti and the Dominican Republic.August 20-29, 2011 – Hurricane IreneCategory 3 storm. Made landfall in eastern North Carolina as a Category 1.$15.8 billion in estimated damage.Death toll directly attributed to Irene was 48, with five in the Dominican Republic, three in Haiti and 40 in the United States.October 29-November 7, 2010 – Hurricane TomasCategory 2 storm. Hit St. Lucia as a Category 1.Affected areas included St. Lucia, Barbados, St. Vincent, the Grenadines, Curacao, and Haiti.About $336 million in damage.Death toll of 44 in the Lesser and Greater Antilles.September 1-14, 2008 – Hurricane IkeCategory 4 storm. Made landfall over the Turks and Caicos Islands as a Category 4. Hit Galveston Island, Texas as a Category 2.Path included Turks and Caicos Islands, Cuba, Texas, Louisiana and Arkansas.$30 billion in damage. Direct death toll was 103 across Hispaniola, Cuba and the Gulf Coast of the United States.October 15-25, 2005 – Hurricane WilmaCategory 5 storm. Made landfall over Cozumel, Mexico as a Category 4. Later, made landfall near Cape Romano, Florida as a Category 3.$19 billion in damage.Death toll directly attributed to Wilma was 23, with five in the United States, 12 in Haiti, four in Mexico, one in Jamaica and one in the BahamasSeptember 20-24, 2005 – Hurricane RitaCategory 5 storm. Made landfall near the border of Louisiana and Texas as a Category 3.$18.5 billion in damage.Death toll directly attributed to Rita was seven. August 25-29, 2005 – Hurricane KatrinaCategory 5 storm. Hit Florida as a Category 1. Hit Buras, Louisiana as a Category 3.Path included Florida, Alabama, Mississippi, and Louisiana.$125 billion in damage.Direct death toll in the United States was estimated to be 1,200, with hundreds of additional deaths indirectly caused by the storm.September 2-24, 2004 – Hurricane IvanCategory 5 storm. Hit Grenada as a Category 3.Affected areas included the Gulf Coast of the United States, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Read More – Source

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